And ethnography, a subfield of cultural anthropology, is, on the whole, the systematic description of human societies, mostly based on gathering the firsthand information about something in a real, natural environment rather than inner place study, such as a laboratory or classroom.
Based on ethnographies, anthropologists can provide explanations of the behavior of different peoples.
Let me also mention very briefly psychological anthropology, which deals with human personality and feelings.
These are greatly influenced by an individual's biological and mental characteristics as well as physical surroundings and personal experiences.
Related subjects are psychology and psychiatry.
And it is important to note that there are several universal features common among all societies, for example, the basic similarities in human biology and the existence of two sexes.
Another of these universal features is education--either formal or informal, or both.
Education is necessary to provide the young with the skills and attitudes needed to carry on as adults.
So, you might ask, what are the practical applications for such a broad field of anthropology?
The answer is that anthropology helps us plan the future and helps us contribute to the solution of human problems.
You know the newest area of the study of man is applied anthropology.
Formerly, anthropology was limited to the academic field, and most anthropologists were teachers or museum curators.
But for the past several decades, large numbers of "anthro" graduates have been employed in other fields, such as urban planning and administration, health care, and international development.
This shows that anthropology is not just in academic discipline, it has social and practical applications.
Okay, to wrap up, we have briefly talked about the definition, development, and the fields and branches of anthropology.
I hope after today's lecture, you will understand that anthropology is not a scholarly field only.
What's more important is that although anthropologists have taken up the task of recording the processes and changes of cultures past and present, they also provide the necessary insights into where the human species is heading.